Reconstruction The National Museum Of Palmyra

Our heritage is stronger than destruction, we will document everything from beginning to end, Reconstruction The National Museum Of Palmyra to be a witness to a civilization thousands of years ago.
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Designer(s) : Sraa Ammar-Al-Mohammad

University : University Of Petra

Tutor(s) : Amer Al-Jokhadar

Project description :

The site of the project formed a central point in terms of the ancient city in the south, the modern city in the north, and the central market of Palmyra in the east. The project aims to re-design the National Museum opened by UNESCO to document the history of the city and preserve it after its destruction and keep this legacy immortal for generations and shed light on the current catastrophic situation in the city.

The project was designed on certain principles:

1- UNESCO

2- architectural level

3- experience

The project was designed within certain parameters because the city is on the World Heritage List, where certain conditions and limitations were dealt with by UNESCO.

UNESCO reports and the results of studies and analyses indicated that the old site should be demolished because the museum was destroyed, especially in its structural structure.

My suggestion, but to preserve the main facade and recycle concrete waste in construction.

Project Design

The modern city was separated from the old through the museum by making the main entrance to the city the museum. the museum was linked to central sites (market, old city, modern city).

Preserving the old main facade of the museum to remind the visitor of the importance of the museum previously, as the main entrance was preserved in the past, but now it has become the main entrance to the old city.

Focusing on directing the museum blocks and the visitor’s movement on the most important and most famous landmarks of the city (Arc de Triomphe) through telescopes, and platforms (views).

The main focus was on the history of the ancient and modern city inside the museum so that the visitor’s path became a clear three-dimensional loop that rises with the lobby through escalators to the galleries where the user first walks with the history and origins of the city and then goes up to the second floor to see the history of the modern city of Palmyra “through time” and concludes his journey in an exhibition hall representing what the city was exposed to during the destruction.

The openings of the facades of the museum were designed to be large, to convey the same visitor experience inside the old city within the museum, where the openings allow the sculptures to be lit by the sun in the same as their original location.

 

Program Selection

As for the functional design, the museum has 5 main functions

  • The entrance area
  • the administration area
  • the Department of Restoration and Antiquities
  • the exhibitions department
  • the collective spaces and in addition

functional spaces were provided in the basements for residents to make their crafts, It also contains outdoor green spaces and a memorial to the martyr Dr Khaled Al-Asaad.