Sustainable Urban Development of northern Samarra

Sustainable development is the response to the current generation needs,this project is considered as the seed of a new Abbasid city expanding in parallel with Tigris river
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Designer(s) : Zinah Hameed Hasan and Tebah Ayoub Hussein

University : Samarra university

Tutor(s) : Ali Majid

There are three distinguished decades of the urban characteristics of Samarra City: The first one is the (Abbasid decade), (836-892 AD), as the Islamic Capital of the Abbasid Caliphate, with a hard-geometric pattern of planning, on a site running along the left riverbank of the Tigris River, of about 41km length to 3-4.5km width. After the engineering crisis of the city infrastructure, due to which it had been abandoned as the capital for the Abbasid caliphate, all the citizens moved back to the original capital, Baghdad, except the neighbourhood of the Imam Ali Al-Hadi and Hasan al-Askari, regenerating a small, circular, organic pattern city, growing up to the Othman decade, lasting until the beginning of the 20th century.

The third one is the Modern decade, during the second half of the 20th century to date, formulating a rectangular shape of 2km width, penetrating the archaeological area, perpendicular to the river, because of the archaeological obstacles along with it. Thus, the project problem has become at first, the prevention of the city urban

redevelopment along the river left riverbank; prohibiting the use of any of this side as an urban sustainable factor; second, the variation of the current city urban density according to the distance from the river, because the master plan has been expanded to about 8 km faraway the river, with no infrastructure so that there is no life at the ends. This project aims to redirect the

urban regeneration expansion along the river, by the revival of the archaeological geometric plans, as an urban sustainable regeneration. Establishing a seed for the growth of the city on the northern axis parallel to the river and taking advantage of the existing effects of the Abbasid city for future renewal along the river through which the future of the city and the existing monuments on the land will be redirected to be able to serve the citizen in terms of housing and services, and the elements required to support the social, economic and tourism aspects And in line with being the capital of Islamic civilization.

Expansion towards the north and south must take in consideration the archaeological area. Therefore, the entire archaeological areas north of the current city of Samarra are devoid of new buildings, except for some heretical monuments, in addition to the main roads and streets.

The project is divided into two levels The first level is providing a site planning for the 4*4km new generated Abbasid city (general planning contains the city residential sectors, city centre, heretical monuments tourism path ) and the second level is providing a design (detailed) for 360000m from the centre of the city (the heart of the city in the north and the south al khalifa palace).